Gaucin, nestling spectacularly on the south-facing side of a 600-metre high mountain ridge, remains a typical, unspoilt 'pueblo blanco' (white village) of about 2,000 people. Early in its long history, it was inhabited by Phoenicians and later, Romans. Following their invasion in 711AD, it was given its current name by the Moors, who named it 'Gauzan', meaning rich village or strong rock.
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Gaucin is one of the settings for Merimee's novel 'Carmen', which inspired Bizet's famous opera of the same name. It is well-known for its artistic community, consisting of over a dozen contemporary artists' studios and workshops. It is also well-equipped with shops, banks, tapas bars and several retaurants. Throughout the year it is the setting for many colourful 'fiestas' and traditional Saints' days.
Overlooking the village are the remains of a castle complex, which during its 2,000 year history has been occupied by the Romans, the Visigoths, the Moors and the Christian conquerors. The views from the village are breath-taking, encompassing the surrounding mountains, the Genal river valley, the distant Mediterranean coast, Gibraltar and the coastline and mountains of North Africa.
It would be difficult to find a more inspiring, tranquil and authentic location.